Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Symptoms of OCD can vary in intensity and form, but commonly include:

  1. Obsessions:
    • Intrusive thoughts or mental images that cause anxiety or distress.
    • Fear of contamination, dirt, germs, or illness.
    • Unwanted aggressive or taboo thoughts.
    • Need for symmetry, order, or precision.
    • Fear of harming oneself or others.
  2. Compulsions:
    • Repetitive behaviors or rituals performed to reduce anxiety or prevent something bad from happening.
    • Excessive hand washing or cleaning.
    • Checking and rechecking actions (like checking locks, appliances, or switches).
    • Counting, arranging, or organizing items in a specific way.
    • Mental rituals (silent prayers, repeating words silently, or mentally reviewing actions).
  3. Emotional and Behavioral Symptoms:
    • Anxiety, distress, or panic attacks when unable to perform compulsions.
    • Spending significant time (an hour or more a day) on obsessions and compulsions.
    • Interference with daily activities, work, or relationships due to obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors.
  4. Insight and Awareness:
    • Recognizing that the obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable but feeling unable to control them.
    • Some individuals might have poor insight and believe their obsessions and compulsions are justified.

Traditional Treatments

Treatment of OCD typically involves an antidepressant agent and cognitive behavioral therapy.